What Camera to Buy? Full Frame vs APS-C | Minute Tip Monday

MINUTE TIP MONDAY: WHAT CAMERA SHOULD YOU BUY – FULL FRAME VS. APS-C (CROP SENSOR) – Hey everybody, welcome back to Leon Unity, the creative community for filmmakers, storytellers, and visual artists, and today, on Minute Tip Monday, I’m gonna answer the question
that I’m most commonly asked, which is what sort of camera should I buy? Full frame, or a crop sensor? (rock music) Now, the camera sensor
is the part of a camera that absorbs light and creates the image on your screen. Now, there are multiple types
of digital camera sensor in the filmmaking world. When it comes to mirrorless
and DSLR cameras, the two most common are full frame and APS-C, otherwise
known as the crop sensor. full frame is based off
the classic film size of 35mm film, which, before digital sensors, was the most common standard. And now we live in an age
of digital photography, where everybody’s phones and cameras and fridges, I guess, all contain some sort of camera. Hell, even Alexa back
there has a camera on her. But I’m gonna try and explain to you in roughly a minute what the difference and big advantages of full frame really are. Today, we’re gonna be using two cameras, both of equivalent design. The Sony a6500, which I
shoot most of my stuff on, which is an APS-C sized crop sensor body, and the full frame Sony A7iii camera. Both are using equivalent
lenses at the same aperture, across the board here. They’re both 24 megapixel cameras, both very effective 6k sensors that downscale to 4k. So the only major difference
is between the size of the sensor. Now, before this Minute Tip Monday begins, don’t forget to subscribe
and hit the notification bell to stay up to date with
all the Minute Tip Mondays and the bigger Leon Unity lessons that come out every Monday. So let’s get this timer ready, and begin. The biggest difference
between full frame and APS-C or crop sensors, boils down to the
composition of your image. Their fields of view will be different, because the first one is full frame, which gives you the full image, and then comparatively speaking, there is the APS-C or crop sensor, which crops the image by 1.5. Full frame, because of the larger sensor, absorbs more light than APS-C. This creates a cleaner image and makes a real
difference when it comes to super low light. But until you go into super low light, it’s a very minute amount. This has erroneously led to
one of my biggest pet peeves about full frame cameras. If you have a full frame camera, you will more background blur or bokeh and therefore your image
will look more cinematic. This is factually incorrect. In reality, the size of your sensor does not affect the
amount of background blur. For example, these two
difference lens lengths on two different cameras, Sony 16mm and Sigma 30mm look identical when cropped
at 1.5 for the full frame. The difference comes in the
composition of the image. With a full frame sensor, you
have a larger field of view, and therefore you can go closer physically to the subject, narrowing the focal distance
between you and your subject, as demonstrated here. This makes everything that is out of focus more out of focus, in this case, the background. So more background blur, or bokeh. You have to be further
away on a crop sensor to make sure that your
composition is correct. So what does that mean? Does that mean that full
frame cameras are better than crop sensor cameras? When it comes to like for like, yes, absolutely. I thought that was pretty obvious. However, it does depend on
what you’re trying to do. Until very recently,
most movies were not shot with full frame sensors. They were shot with a super 35 sensor, which is actually closer to APS-C than it is to full frame. In fact, they’re nearly identical. Let’s say you have a
budget of 2000 pounds. Now, for £2000, you can get this the Sony a6500 or the better Sony a6400, plus all these lenses, an aputure 120D, a good microphone like
the Zoom I’m using here, or the Rode that I mount
to my camera sometimes. You can get yourself a monitor, you can get a whole bunch of stuff, and a lot of good You could get a tripod, you could probably get yourself a slider, you could get yourself
a nice run 6 gimbal. All the stuff that we have linked down in the description below, for pretty much the same
price as the Sony A7iii body. And the irony of that is the Sony a7iii is probably the best, most affordable camera
out there for full frame. So really, what it boils down to is the composition of your image. You can use a longer lens on APS-C Micro Four Thirds, or whatever you want, as long as you step away from
the subject a little bit. That way, you could fit
them into the image. Don’t forget, background
blur is not everything. It really depends on
the context of the shot you’re trying to make. If you wanna be focused on
a private, intimate moment, then yeah, a close-up with
lots of background blur can be great and useful, but if you’re tracking
someone through a city street and you want people to see the set design, you want people to see what’s going on, don’t necessarily stop it down to 1.4 and have it on the longest
lens you possibly can, ’cause all this is just
gonna cause you issues. That’s the most important part, is learning your crops, and that’s why we try
to teach these lessons at the end of the day, and don’t do so many gear
reviews like this in general. It’s much more important
in the end of the day to tell the story through your craft than through your gear. At the end of the day, what matters is your ability
to get the right composition, the right image, for your
style and your subject and your story. At the end of the day,
cinematography is just visual storytelling, something I’m gonna go into in more depth in a longer Leon Unity lesson. Much thanks to my very
good friend Kelsey Ellison for being the model for this whole thing. You can check our her channel down below, she was very patient as I just went super close to her
with the 16mm lens. She and I have been
working for the past year on a film called Sisters of House Black. She’s been working on it for
about two, three years now. We just did a Q&A on her channel, live, and there’s also a trailer that’s she’s been ready for, so you can check that out, find out more about
Sisters of House Black, with the link in the description, or at the end of this video. If you like this video, don’t forget to hit the like button, and leave a comment below letting us know if you like these videos, if you want us to improve, what you think we could
do to make them better, to really improve your skills, and what kind of topics
you’d like us to cover in roughly a minute for Minute Tip Monday, or in a larger Leon Unity lesson. Most importantly, get out
there and create new worlds.

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