EXPOSURE COMPENSATION. BRIGHT and DARK images in the same frame. Wildlife PHOTOGRAPHY. BOTSWANA.


Hi! I am Janine, and I am with Pangolin Photo Safaris on the Chobe River today. We have got an amazing subject grazing outside of the water. A hippo, together with his little Egret friend.
I want to try and get the exposure as correct as possible. All right, let’s have a look at him. We
see the hippo out of the water. Quite unusual. We get it a lot on the Chobe, but it’s not their normal behaviour. Normally, they are nocturnal animals, so
it is amazing to see the entire animal outside of the water. The hippo also has a bit of bird life moving around him, that benefits from him
grazing, because he’s chasing up the insects, and they get a lovely little
‘high tea’ alongside the hippo. Let’s give it a try. If I look at the hippo he’s got
a beautiful grey tone, so I would keep my exposure roughly around zero. He is not
too fast. We are shooting on a nice steady shutter speed. However, if I look at our Egret, the Egret is blindingly white in this photograph. Very difficult to expose for
both subjects correctly at the same time. So, you are gonna have to decide. Is it
the hippo you want to focus on, or the Egret. Similar situation with wedding photography. Is the bride or the groom more important? Easy question to answer. Not so
easy with our subject. On zero, let’s try and give it a shot with the hippo. He
has a little Egret moving around his face. Let’s have a look…yeah, that’s a
really nice perfect exposure for the hippo. But you’ll see highlight alerts
in the Egret. If you want to see the Egret in more detail, you’re going to
have to under expose the photograph. I’m going to try minus one. It’s always nice if the Egret actually
is facing the hippo. Almost like the two are looking at each other. Yeah, no more
highlight alerts for Egret, but our hippo has turned out very very
dark. Given that the hippo is a much bigger
subject in our photograph, I would focus on the hippo. I think it’s the prettier
photograph, and just deal with the highlight alerts of the Egret. In
post-production we can fix it a little bit…. Hi! I am Janine. I am with Pangolin Photo Safaris, in our editing suite in the Pangolin Chobe Hotel. Earlier this morning, we were trying to shoot a hippo on land, that was chomping away happily, together with his Egret friend. We were struggling with the exposure. I would like to show you in post production, what we can do with these pictures. Let’s get started.
All right, if you have a look at this photograph. This was one of the two
photographs that I took this morning. We shot it a little bit brighter to get the
exposure for the hippo right, and then we shot it a little bit darker, to get the
exposure for the Egret right. What would be the best way to shoot? Well if we look
at the brighter shot here together, you’ll see very quickly that this Egret
is completely burned. You will see in the histogram you have a little bit of a
peak on the right hand side. If I hover my mouse over the neck of the
Egret, you will see that the numbers underneath the histogram come pretty
close to 100. We pretty much lost our Egret. So if I go ahead and edit this…even if I pull my whites all the way back, we could maybe save him all the way down on the left hand side. You will see we don’t want to see any whites when
I pull the whites back – while I press my ALT key. There we go…here he vanishes…and we don’t want to see any blacks within our hippo, so I want to slide my black
slider so far to the left that I don’t see any blacks. In theory that is supposed to be a perfect exposure. You will see that there is still a little bit of
a peak on the right hand side. Maybe by taking my highlights to the left, I can
get a little bit more out of my Egret. Let’s zoom in.
There we go. We start seeing patterns of feather’s within the Egret. He is still
fairly bright in comparison, so you see we do struggle to retrieve the white
colours back, but we are getting better. You can take the overall exposure down
just a little bit, and there we go. The hippo hasn’t changed much, but we’ve got a lot more information out of the Egret that is standing next to him. For the
finished edit, we shouldn’t forget to sharpen. I always mask my image when I
sharpen, so I don’t sharpen the entire surface area, affecting pixelation
and grain and the surface. I only sharpen the corners. Let’s have a look together at the darker photograph. Looking at the darker image
you’ll see (yes) the hippo is way too dark. However, zooming in on our Egret we have all the information we want in our little Egret friend. Our feathers are clearly
visible all throughout the Egret. I am going go back here to the original
image that I had imported. You will see I don’t have to pull the whites back as
much. I actually have to pull them to the right this time, instead of to the left,
so that we don’t have any white clippings. I am going to have to pull the
blacks to the right this time as well – and not to the left, in order to get rid of
any blacks. There we go. I am going take a little bit of the shadows out, so that our
hippo becomes a little bit more visible. Even though it is dark overall, I am going bring the highlights back in, so our Egrets feathers are
becoming visible. You will see overall this is a much darker image in
comparison to our first image. I am going to compare the two with each other. Let’s have a look. We are going compare r against a and pull that picture back
in. Drag and drop. There we go. We are going compare r against a, and you will see
that the first image is still quite a bit brighter than our second image. I
still find that our hippo is a little bit too dark in comparison to our first
image, however we see our Egret a lot better. So if we want to edit our active
image a little bit more, I would take the exposure up a little bit. Double-check
that you don’t have any whites showing. We don’t know any white clippings
because you don’t want to lose the Egret. There we go. Now these two look a lot
more like each other than at the beginning. In general (for us), it is a lot
easier to bring a dark image back to the bright colours. Once this white on the
left is completely burnt, it doesn’t matter how far to the left you pull your
white slider, the information is gone. So, unless you shoot on a very high ISO
– where grain is a problem – try and shoot a little bit darker, so you don’t burn any
highlights. However, if you do happen to shoot on extremely high ISO, making your
image brighter will show all the grain in your photograph. So, in that
instance – and that particular instance – I would try and shoot a little bit brighter.
You see post-production helps us a lot in getting the two subjects much closer
to a real exposure. Almost like we’re looking at it with two different eyes.
With our two eyes we can layer images over each other, and the hippo neither
looks too dark, nor does the Egret look too bright. Post-production helps us with that. I hope this video helped you. if you
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coming out. Thanks for joining me today. Goodbye!

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